34 76 (HOLOCAUST) Letter of Protection in Hungarian and German issued for one Tibor Galle (a nurse in Budapest’s Rock Hospital) and signed by FRIEDRICH BORN (“Born Frigyes”). Single printed page on letterhead with manuscript entries and autograph signature. 4to. Budapest, 17th January, 1945. $2000 - $3000 ❧ Friedrich Born (1903-63) was a Swiss delegate of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Budapest between May 1944 and January 1945, upon which time he was forced to leave Hungary by order of the occupying Soviet Red Army. Born originally came to Budapest as a member of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Trade and quickly became aware of the deportation of Hungarian Jews which began soon after the German occupation in Spring 1944. Following the strategy of Carl Lutz, Born recruited up to 3,000 Jews and granted them protection by posing them as workers for his ICRC needs. These ICRC protection documents prevented the deportation and murder of numerous Hungarian Jews. In 1987 Born was posthumously honored by Yad Vashem as one of the “Righteous Among the Nations.” 77 (HOLOCAUST) Protective Pass issued to a Jew, Laszlo Kendrean, by the Swiss Legation in Budapest, with autograph signature of CARL LUTZ. Single printed page with typed entries and stamped endorsement. Specifying that the named individual is a Rumanian citizen and under the protection of the Swiss Embassy in Hungary. Consequently, he may live in the Swiss diplomatic residence and is is exempt from forced labor or military service. Heavily worn, deep folds with small central tear, signature faint. Laid down. 4to. Budapest, 4th December, 1944. $2000 - $3000 ❧ Original protective pass issued by the Swiss Embassy’s Department of Foreign Interests in Budapest, led by Carl Lutz. Once the Nazis took over Budapest in 1944, they immediately began deporting Jews to Auschwitz and extermination. Consul Lutz negotiated a deal with both the Hungarian government and the Nazis and gained permission to issue protective letters to 8,000 Hungarian Jews for emigration to Palestine. Yet he went further, deliberately using his permission for 8,000 as applying to families rather than individuals, and so proceeded to issue tens of thousands of additional protective letters. He also set up some 75 “safe houses” throughout Budapest, declaring them annexes of the Swiss legation and thus off-limits to Hungarian forces or Nazi soldiers. In 1965 Lutz was the first Swiss national honored by Yad Vashem as one of the “Righteous Among the Nations.” Lot 76 Lot 77