56 104 IMMANUEL BEN SOLOMON OF ROME. Sepher HaMachbaroth LeMar Immanuel [poetry] FIRST EDITION. Decorative woodcut initial word panel on f. 2r partially reproduced in manuscript. A rare printer’s error in imposition in the inner bifolium of quire 4 has yielded the following curious mispagination: f. 27r is paired with f. 29v; 30r with 28v; 29r with 27v; and 28r with 30v. THE SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC HEREIN ARE THE FIRST ILLUSTRATIONS TO APPEAR IN A HEBREW BOOK (see ff. 48r-49r). ff. 152 (of 160). Lacking opening blank, f. 8 reproduced in facsimile on old paper, ff. 149, 156-160 reproduced in a fine rabbinic hand, ff. 2, 148, 155 mounted, with some text reproduced in manuscript. Few leaves strengthened at gutter, lightly browned and stained, trace wormed. Modern vellum. Sm. 4to. [Vinograd, Brescia 3; Goff Heb-43; Steinschneider, col. 1057, no. 5269,1; Offenberg 58; Thes. A-77; BMC XIII, p. 68; Iakerson 66.] Brescia, Gershom ben Moses Soncino, 1491. $7000-9000 ❧ THE FIRST PRINTED BOOK OF HEBREW POETRY AND ONE OF ONLY TWO LITERARY HEBREW INCUNABULA. Sepher HaMachbaroth is the most important work of Immanuel ben Solomon of Rome (ca. 1261-1328), poet, scholar and author of both Hebrew and Italian texts. Combining poetry and prose on subjects as diverse as love, wine, and friendship, with satires, epistles, elegies and religious poems, Sefer HaMachbaroth represents a unique example of the blending of traditional Jewish and secular Italian literature that characterized much of the Jewish literary output during the Italian Renaissance. With his linguistic artistry and use of skillful wordplay, Immanuel sets a tone here that is generally light-hearted and witty in twenty eight chapters, combining poetry and prose on subjects as diverse as love, wine, and friendship, along with satires, epistles, elegies and religious poems. In fact, Yigdal, the well-known liturgical poem based on Maimonides’ thirteen principles of faith, is an abridged adaptation of a poem by Immanuel included in the fourth chapter of this work.