103 190 SFORNO, OBADIAH. Ohr Amim. [“Light of the Nations” - philosophy] FIRST EDITION. Initial word within decorative frame. ff. 64. Upper corner of title neatly repaired, previous owner’s marks on f. 2 and f.5, dampwrinkled and lightly dampstained. Modern chestnut calf, elaborately blind-tooled. Sm. 4to. [Vinograd, Bologna 8; Mehlman 1219.] Bologna, The Company of Silk Weavers, 1537. $3000-4000 ❧ Obadiah Sforno of Bologna (known in Latin as Salvadeus, ca. 1470-ca. 1550) was a physician by profession. Primarily known for his commentaries to the Torah and other parts of the Bible, Sforno wrote the present volume to refute the views of Aristotle which he held to be in contradiction with many of the fundamental principles of Judaism. Sforno sets out here Aristotle’s own principles which he then refutes. He also quotes abundantly from the Islamic philosophers Ibn Rushd (Averroes) and al-Ghazali. A Latin translation of the work appeared under the title Lumen Gentium (Bologna, 1548). See R. Bonfil, Eshel, Be’er Sheva, Vol. I, pp. 208-211; EJ, Vol. XIV, cols. 1209-10. Lot 191 Lot 190 191 SHALOM, ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC. Neveh Shalom [philosophy]. FIRST EDITION. Title within architectural arch. Marginalia. A WIDE-MARGINED COPY. ff. 194. Opening and closing leaves remargined, stained in places. Modern blind-tooled paneled calf. 4to. [Vinograd, Const. 162.] Constantinople, Eliezer ben Gershom Soncino, 1538. $3000-5000 ❧ The present work is a series of homilies on various Aggadic passages from the Talmud, interwoven with philosophical discussions seeking to serve as a defense of Maimonides’ reconciliation of Greek and Jewish philosophy. The author (d. 1492) was one of the last representatives of the Spanish-Jewish philosophic tradition and possessed a thorough command of the fields of knowledge of his time. His work here is rich in quotations from Greek and Arabic philosophical literature. See EJ, Vol. XIV, cols. 1270-1.